It’s that time of the month again. Lucky are the few whose menstrual period just comes out as ordinary and uneventful. But for most women, they experience menstrual pain or dysmenorrhoea. Dysmenorrhoea is a term used to describe low anterior pelvic pain or discomfort which occurs during menstruation. Sometimes, the pain can be severe that the woman cannot go through her day’s activities. At least half of the women experience menstrual pain, so it is quite common. But the pain becomes less intense as the woman grows old.
There are two kinds of dysmenorrhoea: the primary and the secondary. Primary dysmenorrhoea is pain or discomfort without any underlying medical problem. This the common form. Secondary dysmenorrhoea, on the other hand, occurs in the presence of an underlying disorder such as endometriosis, infection, or pelvic inflammatory disease. Since this is a reproductive topic, sexual health tips must also be taught and considered.
Symptoms of menstrual pain include fatigue, nausea, migraine, bloating, and mood swings. Dysmenorrhoea is especially experienced after a late menstrual cycle and other menstrual irregularities. Another factor is menstrual cycle bleeding, or heavy menstruation.
What is late menstrual cycle? It is simply a delayed period. There are many indications for this. It is a hallmark for pregnancy, but other than that, it can caused by weight, poor nutrition, stress, medications, menopause, hormonal imbalance, or medical problems. This irregularity can cause menstrual pain.
The usual menstrual blood that a woman loses is 35-40 mL. Menstrual cycle bleeding, or menorrhagia is a menstrual irregularity wherein about 80 mL of blood or more is lost. It can be a result from anovulation (the ovaries do not release an egg), noncancerous growths in the uterus, uterine infection, hormonal imbalance, and bleeding tendencies.
Dysmenorrhoea can be managed by many methods, such as medications (pain killers and hormonal birth pills), self treatment (heat application on the abdomen after ruling out appendicitis, exercise, massaging the lower back, and rest), and surgery (cutting uterine nerves), which is not recommended.
Health tips for late menstrual cycle, it is advisable to treat this according to cause. Lessen stress, eat well, see your doctor for medications in case of an underlying medical cause, and pain relief from dysmenorrhoea.
On the other hand, the treatment for menstrual cycle bleeding will depend on the cause, preference, and the desire to prevent or to create children in the future. The options are hormonal birth control, progestin implants, clotting medications, or anti-inflammatory drugs. In the presence of growths, the last recommended option is surgery, either removing the lining in the uterus or removal of the uterus.
During the menstrual period, the question on the chances of becoming pregnant is common. It still gets a lot of debate. It is possible but highly unlikely. Basing on menstrual cycles, the egg survives for 24 hours. If a sperm is present at the time frame, then chances of becoming pregnant become probable. Usually, during your period, another egg is being prepared for release. Since not all women have the 28-day cycle, especially for those with short cycles, you may ovulate just days after the start of your period. And since the sperm can survive for three days in the reproductive area, we can then say it is possible for fertilization. But this likelihood is not limited only for short cycles. One can never be too sure. So the chances of becoming pregnant are low but not impossible. For sexual health tips, consider yourself fertile all throughout the cycle. It is still advised to practice birth control during menstruation to be safe.
Health fitness tips: Never underestimate dysmenorrhoea and menstruation. If you think that you need medical intervention because the pain is unbearable or the blood flow is too great, then visit your OB for further check-up. To prevent irregularities in menstruation, eat healthful meals, meet the daily vitamin requirement, exercise regularly, good hygiene, practice safe sex, and enjoy the ups and downs of being a woman.