Sunday, June 26, 2011

About injury management

Whether we like it or not, injuries occur to us in our daily life.
The reason of their appearance can be the lack of our attention, the lack of attention of other people or natural circumstance. Regardless of why they occur, we need to know how to manage the situation. We need to know what to do if we or someone near us is injured. This article is meant to present precisely these aspects, which we very often disregard because of the thought that “it cannot happen to you too”. In our opinion, tough as it may seem everybody has the at least the same chances to experience this unpleasant moment, so it is better to be informed.

Injury assessment (TOTAPS)is the first concept we are going to debate. TOTAPS is in fact a series of questions we need to put ourselves or to the others if they are injured. Let’s suppose however that we speak about the others being injured. T stands for talk: you need to ask what has happened, where it hurts and which the nature of the injury is. The next step is Observe: you need to see the injury from all sides. Touch: it will indicate the warmth of inflammation and will asset the pain. Then you will have to let the person move in an Active or Passive way the injured part of the body. The last step is a Skill test: see if the person can begin again his activity or not. In case an injury was identified you need to process to the next point of our article.

Immediate treatment consists in a series of steps that need to be followed: you need to make the person rest: find him or her comfortable positions to stay and take away any object that puts pressure on the injured part of the body. Next apply a bag of ice each 20 minutes. It reduces pain, swelling and bleeding. The next step is compression- make sure the bandage is not too tight, however. Elevate the injury from time to time so that it stops bleeding and swelling. Next, go to a doctor in order to see a precise diagnosis.

Injury rehabilitation is the last part of the treatment. It depends on how serious the injury was- it can last 72 hours, a week or even a month if it is too serious. In all this time the person in cause must rest as much as possible, live in hygienically conditions and go from time to time to a doctor in order to get checked.

 Now that you know the dangers that can occur to you, you need to do two more things. The first one is apply injury assessment procedures to determine the nature and extent of injuries in simulated scenarios. It will help you avoid panic in case you have to face live these scenarios.

The next and last step is to identify appropriate treatment for injuries and conditions which have the potential to occur in a specific physical activity, sport or recreation context. In this case you can be prepared for each situation. It is better to be informed and safe than sorry.

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