Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are even known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or venereal diseases. STIs are known by this name because some persons may be infected without showing any symptoms, but they still can pass the disease to other people.
The most significant way of transmitting such illnesses are through sexual behavior such as vaginal, oral and anal sex. Some sexually transmitted diseases might infect people by using infected needles, by close contact, sharing fluids, through childbirth or breastfeeding.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
STDs can have terrible consequences on people’s lives and the lives of the ones infected by them, but the great news as well as good health tips is the fact that they can be prevented. Prevention is the primary way to preserve a good sexual health. Knowing STDs, their symptoms and ways of transmission may help preventing future health complications. It is wrong to think that wearing a condom is enough to be protected from all STDs since not all of them are passed through vaginal or anal intercourse.
The sexually transmitted infections may be of bacterial nature, like Chlamydia, Gonorrhea or Syphilis, fungal nature like Candidosis, viral, like viral hepatitis or AIDS and some sexual transmitted infections spread parasites such as crabs and scabies. These are only a few well known examples of STIs, their range being a whole lot wider.
Chlamydia of bacterial nature is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. In many cases, there are no symptoms, but like all STDs, if left untreated, it can cause serious consequences upon one’s health. It is also called the silent disease due to the lack of symptoms within a major percent of the population.
Genital herpies is an infection with the herpes simplex virus ( HSV) and is divided into two types: HSV-1 can be transmitted orally, causing sores and HSV-2, through sexual contact, affecting the genitals. Genital herpies can be asymptomatic. It is passed through contact with the skin of an infected person, and is more infectious when the person manifests the itchy sores.
Gonorrhea is a bacterial sexually transmitted disease that showcases symptoms mostly among men. It is passed through penetrative intercourse in many of the cases. Symptomes, for both women and men, include: a strange discharge from the vagina or penis, irritation and/or discharge from the anus and pain or burning sensation while urinating.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease cause by a bacteria, and it is either of venereal nature, or congenital, being passed from the mother to her unborn baby. Syphilis has become less common nowadays due to the availability of penicillin, but new infections still occur amongst people. Its symptoms are the same for both men and women and are defined by painless ulcers called chancres. Syphilis is a STD that progresses through several stages if it’s left untreated, but the first two stages are highly infectious.
These are just a few well known sexually transmitted diseases. If you experience specific symptoms or if you doubt your sexual health, consult a doctor. He is the only person able to clarify your problem and put an accurate diagnosis.