Tuesday, August 3, 2010

Common medical problems: Candidosis

Candidosis, also called candidiasis, is an infection with a fungus known as Candida Albicans. It is important to keep in mind that Candida Albicans normally lives within our organism, in places like mouth or vagina, in a state of balance with other microorganisms. This balance may become altered under the influence of certain factors, and, as a result, Candida Albicans will spread causing a fungal yeast infection.
Although there isn’t any part of the body actually immune to this fungus, there are specific areas that are more sensitive to this kind of infection, such as genitals, mouth and skin. 

The symptoms of Candidiasis vary according to the affected areas of the body and the severity of the fungal infection. The symptoms will be described as following for the most common types of Candidosis. Oral thrush, that refers to the mouth infection with Candida Albicans, concerns the development of a yellow-white slough and also sore lesions that might bleed. The lesions might also affect the throat, making it difficult to swallow.   

The vaginal infection might lead to itching and irritation of the vagina, burning and pain while urinating and pain during sexual intercourse. One of the main issues with Candidosis is the occurrence of changes of color, smell and aspect of the vaginal discharge. The secretion becomes thick, cheesy-white and might have a bad smell.

One of the major issues with Candidosis is the simple fact that this infection is easily contracted. Long periods of medication with antibiotics, synthetic and tight underwear, tampons, hygiene products like soap, shower gels etc that can interfere with the normal ph of the skin, a weak immune system, all of these present a risk of developing a fungal yeast infection. Diseases like diabetes or HIV and aids are also known to cause Candidosis as a secondary effect.

It is very important to prevent Candidosis by avoiding the factors stated above, balancing the high levels of sugar that occur with diabetes and by keeping an accurate intimate hygiene.  To put the correct diagnose or healthy living tips of Candidosis, a complete medical investigation is a must, including the physical examination confronted with the medical history of the patient. The actual diagnosis testing involves taking a sample of the infected area and put under the microscope.

Treatment has to be set according to each individual’s medical situation and history, and usually includes medication under the form of oral pills and mouthwashes for the oral thrush and topical medication such as cremes, anti-fungal medications etc.

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